Sun Care Tips
The Safe Sun Guide
Not everybody's skin offers the same level of protection in the sun. That's why you need to know your skin type. The following information has been put together by the BSF and the British Association of Dermatologists.
Links about sun safety:
Skin Type
Your skin type cannot be changed and does not vary according to how tanned you are, it is determined by your genes. It affects how your skin will react in the sun and how likely you are to develop skin cancer, so it's really helpful you get to know it using our guide.
Type I (very fair) have pale skin, burn very easily and rarely tan. They generally have light coloured hair or red hair and freckles.
Type II (fair) usually burn but may gradually tan. They are likely to have light hair, and blue or brown eyes. Some may have dark hair but still have fair skin.
Type III (light) burn with long exposure to the sun but generally tan quite easily. They usually have a light olive skin with dark hair and brown or green eyes.
Type IV (medium) burn with very lengthy exposures but always tan easily as well. They usually have brown eyes and dark hair.
Type V (dark) have a naturally brown skin, with brown eyes and dark hair. They burn only with excessive exposure to the sun and their skin further darkens easily.
Type VI (dark) have black skin with dark brown eyes and black hair. They burn only with extreme exposure to the sun and their skin further darkens very easily.
Types I and II are at the most risk of developing skin cancer, so need to take particular care in the sun: in sunny weather, seek shade between 11am and 3pm. Wear sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 that also provides UVA protection, and reapply frequently. Cover up with clothing and don't forget to wear a hat that protects your face, neck and ears. Don't sunbathe or use sunbeds.
Never let your skin burn, whatever your skin type.
The science of skin colour
Black skin offers better sun protection because it produces more melanin - the skin's ultraviolet (UV) absorbing pigment produced by its special tanning cells in response to UV exposure, as a protective response.
It is the amount of melanin produced naturally in the skin that creates the varying depths of skin colour in people of different ethnic backgrounds, and the darker the original colour, the more easily the skin then increases its tan following sun exposure.
People of skin types I to IV have a significant risk of developing skin cancer with excessive sun exposure, particularly skin types I and II, and should therefore regularly apply sunscreen with a high SPF (Sun Protection Factor - protecting mostly against UVB) but also offering high UVA protection. A high SPF will help to reduce the risk of skin cancer and ageing, and the high UVA protection is to protect against skin ageing and wrinkling, as well as skin cancer.
People of skin types V and VI do not generally develop sun-induced skin cancer even if not using sunscreens, but may develop significant skin ageing with skin wrinkling, caused by both UVB and UVA. It is therefore worth using a moderately high SPF sunscreen also offering good UVA protection if concerned about that risk.
If you concerned about any changes to your skin, see your doctor. If your doctor is concerned about a mole, ask to be referred to a Dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment. Contact the British Association of Dermatologists (www.bad.org.uk) for more information.
While every effort has been made to ensure that the information given is accurate, not every treatment will be suitable or effective for every person. Your own doctor will be able to advise you in greater detail. Do not treat this information as exact it is only a rough guide.
Every person needs exposure to the sun, it's the primary source for a human to get vitamin D which will help us accumulate calcium for strong and healthy bones. However, you don't have to stay in the sun for hours and hours each day to collect the Vitamin D you need. If people stay outside in the sun for longer times whilst being unprotected, people could develop drastic issues with your health, the ultraviolet rays that the sun emits could cause skin and eye damage, a weaker immune system, and even skin cancer, A person of ANY age is affected by this, so make sure to look after your kids well!
50 - 80% on average is the total amount of sun exposure a child will accumulate before the age of 18! It is drastically important that parents will teach their children how to protect themselves in the sun, as nobody wants to damage their children, and want to leave them to develop skin cancer at such an age.
Facts About Sun Exposure
The Sun emits light to earth, and the light comes in many different rays, Ultraviolet rays are invisible, and deadly. When UV rays reach your skin they will cause it to tan, burn, and possibly give skin cancer.
Sunlight has three types of ultraviolet rays: UVA, UVB, and UVC
UVA rays cause skin aging and wrinkling and contribute to skin cancer, such as melanoma. Because UVA rays pass effortlessly through the ozone layer (the protective layer of atmosphere, or shield, surrounding the earth), they make up the majority of our sun exposure. Beware of tanning beds because they use UVA rays as well as UVB rays. A UVA tan does not help protect the skin from further sun damage; it merely produces colour and a false sense of protection from the sun.
UVB rays are also dangerous, causing sunburns, cataracts (clouding of the eye lens), and effects on the immune system. They also contribute to skin cancer. Melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, is thought to be associated with severe UVB sunburns that occur before the age of 20. Most UVB rays are absorbed by the ozone layer, but enough of these rays pass through to cause serious damage.
UVC rays are the most dangerous, but fortunately, these rays are blocked by the ozone layer and don't reach the earth.
What's important is to protect your family from exposure to UVA and UVB, the rays that cause skin damage.
As many of you will have heard and may well already know, long exposure to the sun can cause skin cancer. No, it WILL cause skin cancer. Many people believe "Oh it won't happen to me" + "Only one more hour in the sun, it won't hurt" Wrong. The sun is deadly, it kills!
There are two main types of skin cancer: malignant melanoma which is less common but more serious; and non-melanoma skin cancer, which is very common but not so serious.
In 2009 in the UK, 2,633 people in the UK died from skin cancer. Around 2,081 from malignant melanoma and 552 from non-melanoma skin cancer.
Skin cancer is common and you must protect yourself against it, regardless of your skin type is fair or dark, you need to protect yourself with sun cream.
Like most cancers, skin cancer is more common with increasing age, but malignant melanoma is dispropotionately high in younger people. More than one third of all cases of malignant melanoma occur in people under 55.
SPF 15 as a minimum for sun lotion.
Save on top brand Fake Tan from The Sun Care Shop
Fake Tan – or Self-Tanner – gives your skin a wonderful summery glow, even in the depths of winter.
Use a Fake Tan product just two or three times a week to build up a lovely natural skin tone, safely, without exposing your skin to the risks of harmful rays from the sun. Regular use keeps your tan topped up, stopping it fading after a few days.
No streaks, a more natural skin tone and no funny smell!
Some people distrust Fake Tan products because they tried them years ago and were disappointed with the results. Things are so different now. It’s much easier to get a streak-free, natural-looking tan – and there’s no give-away Fake Tan smell, either. Try one of The Sun Care Shop’s top brands to see for yourself how things have changed.
The Best Fake Tan – specially selected by The Sun Care Shop
There’s so much choice in Fake Tan. That’s great because there’s a product that’s perfect for your skin type. Here at The Sun Care Shop you’re sure to find the best Fake Tan for your skin - and save money on top brands.
Dove Summer Glow – for fair to normal and normal to dark skin
Piz Buin Summer Sensation – light foam mousse that dries within five minutes
Garnier Summerbody Moisturising Self Tan – for a natural tan and supple, moisturised skin
Garnier Ambre Solaire No Streaks Bronzer Self Tan Light Glow – instant-drying light body mist
Banana Boat Summer Colour Instant Bronzer Sunless Tanning Foam – self-adjusting, streak-free, hypoallergenic and quick-drying
Easy Bronze Pre Tan Moisturising Exfoliator and Self Tan Body Lotion – for a gorgeous and natural-looking tan
Quick ‘n’ Easy Self Tanning Wipes – for convenient tanning
Fake Bake Luxurious Golden Bronze Airbrush Instant Self Tan – with 360 degree nozzle that works at any angle. Super-fast drying
St Tropez Dark Instant Glow Body Lotion Wash Off – suitable for all skin tones and washes off whenever you choose
Bronze Ambition Bronze Me and Glow ‘N’ Go – for fast fake tanning
Famous Dave’s Moisture Tan, Fast Tan Express, Spray Tan, Body Buffer, Self-Tan Wipes, Tan & Tone Self Tan Lotion and Sculpt & Smooth Firming Gel – a fantastic range of Fake Tan products
Save on Fake Tan products here at The Suncare Shop.
Find out some How to Apply Fake Tan for great results. And the best way to Remove Fake Tan.
If you still have a Fake Tan question, try our Fake Tan FAQs.
How to apply Fake Tan
If you know the secrets of applying Fake Tan, you’re going to get a fantastic look!
We have some top tips that apply to most Fake Tan products, but make sure you read the instructions on the one you’re using.
Here’s the best way to apply fake tan
For the best results, you need to do a little preparation. And remember to take your time. If you can find two or three hours to pamper yourself, so much the better – although you can get great results in just half an hour or so once you’ve applied Fake Tan a few times.
Start off by having a bath or a shower. Use an exfoliator and shave – although if you have sensitive skin, you may wish to skip the shave. Dry carefully and make sure your skin is completely dry – watch out for bathroom humidity and keep the ambient temperature down so you don’t sweat.
For the most natural look, you should prepare your elbows, hands, knees and feet by massaging in some moisturiser. It’ll help stop those dry areas becoming too dark.
Now’s the time to apply your chosen Fake Tan. Spread it gently on your skin using a circular motion– or spray it, if you’ve chosen a spray – making sure you cover all of your skin. You don’t want to leave any white spots. Thoroughly wash your hands every five minutes, so they don’t become darker than the rest of you, and you’re almost finished.
For the next 15 minutes, you should avoid contact with anything or anyone. For perfect results, you should not dress for an hour, but if you do need to wear something, choose a loose fitting garment.
Finally, try not to take a bath or shower for at least eight hours.
Try a Fake Tan mitt or application kit
Make your Fake Tan application easier with Famous Dave’s Self Tan Applicator Mitt, which eliminates streaks and ensures there are no stains on your hands. If want to exfoliate easily, too, we can recommend the Garnier Ambre Solaire Self Tan Application Kith with Mitt and Exfoliating Glove.
How to Remove Fake Tan
If you want to change your shade of Fake Tan, you’ll want to remove your first product before replacing it with a new one.
Removing Fake Tan is simple
Preparation is really important. Some experts suggest you should mix lemon and lime juice with baking soda and massage in gently using a sponge.
This may cause you some skin irritation, so we recommend some simple, natural steps for removing Fake Tan. Spend 20-30 minutes in a steam room and then rub your skin using a damp towel. Or swim for an hour or more. The water and swimming pool additives will go to work on fading your Fake Tan.
Fake Tan Remover for application errors and difficult areas
If you just want to correct some of your Fake Tan, head straight for a Fake Tan Remover like Vie Vanishing Act Self Tan Corrector, an easy and fast fix that enables you to lighten difficult areas such as palms, fingers, knees, elbows and heels. It'll correct application errors anywhere on your body.
Simply spray on to cotton wool and apply gently to the area you want to correct.
How to apply Fake Tan
If you know the secrets of applying Fake Tan, you’re going to get a fantastic look!
We have some top tips that apply to most Fake Tan products, but make sure you read the instructions on the one you’re using.
Here’s the best way to apply fake tan
For the best results, you need to do a little preparation. And remember to take your time. If you can find two or three hours to pamper yourself, so much the better – although you can get great results in just half an hour or so once you’ve applied Fake Tan a few times.
Start off by having a bath or a shower. Use an exfoliator and shave – although if you have sensitive skin, you may wish to skip the shave. Dry carefully and make sure your skin is completely dry – watch out for bathroom humidity and keep the ambient temperature down so you don’t sweat.
For the most natural look, you should prepare your elbows, hands, knees and feet by massaging in some moisturiser. It’ll help stop those dry areas becoming too dark.
Now’s the time to apply your chosen Fake Tan. Spread it gently on your skin using a circular motion– or spray it, if you’ve chosen a spray – making sure you cover all of your skin. You don’t want to leave any white spots. Thoroughly wash your hands every five minutes, so they don’t become darker than the rest of you, and you’re almost finished.
For the next 15 minutes, you should avoid contact with anything or anyone. For perfect results, you should not dress for an hour, but if you do need to wear something, choose a loose fitting garment.
Finally, try not to take a bath or shower for at least eight hours.
Try a Fake Tan mitt or application kit
Make your Fake Tan application easier with Famous Dave’s Self Tan Applicator Mitt, which eliminates streaks and ensures there are no stains on your hands. If want to exfoliate easily, too, we can recommend the Garnier Ambre Solaire Self Tan Application Kith with Mitt and Exfoliating Glove.
Fake Tan FAQs
We get asked a lot about Fake Tan, so we thought we'd put together some answers to your Frequently Asked Questions with some of our top Fake Tan Tips:
Can you tan through Fake Tan?
You certainly can! Most Fake Tanning sprays and lotions don’t have UVA or UVB protection, so without a conventional sun protection product you’ll burn if you spend too much time in the sun. Check if your chosen Fake Tan spray, mousse or lotion has an SPF rating and it’s sufficient for your skin type and sun conditions.
What’s the best fake tan for pale skin?
We stock some fake tanners that are specially formulated for pale skin, such as Garnier Ambre Solaire No Streaks Bronzer Self Tan Light Glow and Fake Bake Radiant Golden Glow Gradual Self Tan For Fair Skin. You might also like to try those with moisturisers, as many of our fair-skinned customers prefer products such as Garnier Summerbody Moisturising Self Tan, Piz Buin Summer Sensation Body Moisturiser Gradual Self Tan or St. Tropez Gradual Tan Firming 4 in 1 Tan, Tone, Firm & Moisturise.
What’s the best fake tan for the face?
Try products specially formulated for the face, such as Piz Buin Summer Sensation Facial Gradual Self Tan or Sublime Bronze Pro Spray 75ml Face.
What’s the best fake tan for legs?
It’s not so much the best fake tanning product, but your preparation that makes for success with fake tan on your legs. Shave for absolute smoothness – if you shave afterwards, there’s a danger of your tan going blotchy.
Then exfoliate – it's the one thing you must do before applying Fake Tan to any part of your body. By removing dead cells, you'll stop your Fake Tan clinging to them, rather than your skin. When your dead skin wears off, it'll take your tan with it, resulting in blotchy skin.
Next, use your moisturiser - preferably a fragrance-free one - from top to toe, concentrating on drier areas like knees and heels. Properly moisturised, they will not be in danger of being darker than the rest of your skin once the fake tan starts working its magic.
Ask us about Fake Tanning or read our blog posts.
Sun Lotion: don't leave home without it!
Never go out in the sun without wearing sun lotion. It'll reduce damage to your skin from UVA and UVB rays and, at the same time help give you a beautiful glowing tan.
In fact, we wear sun protection all the time because UV rays are present all year round – and even indoors - and can cause ageing and wrinkling.
What is sun lotion?
People talk a lot about sun lotion. But comparatively few products are actually labelled 'sun lotion'. Instead, you'll find sun tan oils, creams, protective sprays, sports gels, face creams and many others.
You'll find a huge choice here at The Sun Care Shop, so you can find exactly the right product for you.
Always great sun lotion offers at The Sun Care Shop
We always offer great prices on over 20 leading sun care brands, including:
Aloe Up
Aloha
Australian Gold
Banana Boat
Calypso
Coola
Garnier Ambre Solaire
Hawaiian Tropic
Malibu
Nivea
NO-AD
Piz Buin
Riemann
St Tropez
Sunsense
Ultrasun
And there's free UK delivery on everything!
What's the best sun lotion for you?
It depends. How sensitive is your skin to the sun? Does your skin need moisturising? What's your favourite brand? OK. So that's not a definitive answer, but the upside is that there's so much choice, you can find precisely the right product for you.
While this is not by any means a recommendation, I find a high SPF (sun protection factor) from the Riemann P20 range suits my pale, easily burned skin. That's right for me personally, but if you have a dark Mediterranean-type complexion it makes no sense at all!
Check your Sun Lotion's SPF
The protection offered by a sun lotion is shown by its SPF – the higher number, the greater the protection. You should choose the one that's right for your skin, the sun's intensity (you'd need a higher SPF on holiday in the tropics than here in the UK) and the time you're expecting to stay in the sun.
If you're not sure what factor you need, SPF20 is usually a good place to start of an average adult in the UK. If you're buying for a child, have fair skin, suffer from skin conditions such as eczema, look for SPF30 or more.
Try the Sun Care Shop's SPF Calculator for a more accurate idea of the best SPF for your skin.
Check the Star Rating for UVA
Many leading sun lotion manufacturers – including Malibu, Nivea, Piz Buin, Riemann, Banana Boat, Hawaiian Tropic, Garnier Ambre Solaire and Sunsense – now also display a Star Rating for UVA, the rays account for up to 95% of the UV radiation that reaches us.
The full four-star rating means the sun lotion filters the same amount of UVA as it does UVB. Three stars means 75%, two 50% and one 25%.
We recommend you choose the right SPF, then find the highest star rating.
Read Sun Tan Lotion Reviews
There's always something new in sun lotions. Beauty publications and websites often review new sun lotions. You can also keep an eye on our blog for news of new products.
The most important considerations are to use the right SPF factor (and Star rating, if available), apply regularly and don't sunbathe between 11 and 3. After that, it's really down to your personal preference.